Glossary of Terms

Allergy/Immunology
Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of allergic conditions such as asthma and certain skin disorders and reactions to various substances such as foods, poisons and dusts.

Anesthesiology
Supervises and administers drugs and other agents to alleviate discomfort during operations and other medical procedures.

Cardiology
Specializes in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of heart disease.

Dermatology
Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the skin.

Emergency Medicine
The evaluation and treatment of injuries and illnesses that require immediate attention; includes advanced life support techniques.

ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat)
Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the head and neck, both medicaly and surgically; specifrically the ears, nose and throat.

Family Practice/Family Medicine
Specializes in comprehensive medical care for all members of the family, regardless of age or sex.

Gastroenterology
Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of the digestive system, including the esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, gall bladder and intestines.

Geriatrics
The prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disorders and diseases in elderly individuals.

Hospitalist
Specialized provider who assumes the general medical care of hospitalized patients in the place of a patients’ primary care provider. The Hospitalist works closely with the primary care providers to coordinate inpatient treatment.

Infectious Diseases
Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of infections due to viral, bacterial, fungal or parasitic causes; for example, Lyme disease, hepatitis and malaria.

Internal Medicine
Specializes in the diagnosis, prevention and nonsurgical treatment of adult medical problems.

Mental Health/Psychiatry
Specializes in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental and emotional disorders.

Obstetrics/Gynecology
Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the female genital and reproductive system.

Oncology/Hematology
Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of the blood and blood forming tissues, such as leukemia.

Ophthalmology
Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases and disorders, medically and surgically, and also prescribes corrective eyeglasses.

Oral/Maxillofacial Surgery
Specializes in surgical correction of deformities, injuries and diseases of hte mouth, teeth, jaws and facial structures.

Orthopedics
Specializes, both medically and surgically, in diagnosing and treating diseases and injury to bones, muscles, joints and tendons.

Pathology
Examines structural and functional changes in human tissues and organs to aid diagnoses and treatment.

Pediatrics
Specializes in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disorders and diseases in infants, children and adolescents.

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Specializes in cosmetic and reconstructive surgery.

Podiatry
The diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the human foot.

Pulmonary Medicine
Specializes in the diagnosis and treats diseases of the lungs and respiratory system.

Radiology
Specializes in the use of medical equipment to create images of the body to obtain information for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Examples: X-ray, CT scan, MRI, nuclear medicine, ultrasound and mammography.

Nephrology
Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of kidney (renal) disease.

Neurology
Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of the brain, spinal cord and nerves.

Neurosurgery
Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the brain, spinal cord and nerves by surgical procedures.

Rheumatology
Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disease and deformity of the joints, including Arthritis.

Surgery
Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of injury, deformity, and disease by manual and instrumental means.

Urology
Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the urinary tracts in both men and women, and the genital organs of men.